Linkedin Cybersecurity Assessment Answers 2022

Q1. According to the shared responsibility model, which cloud computing model places the most responsibility on the cloud service provider (CSP)?

  •  Hybrid Cloud
  •  Software as a Service (SaaS)
  •  Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  •  Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
Q2. Which option removes the risk of multitenancy in cloud computing?
  •  PaaS
  •  public cloud
  •  private cloud
  •  IaaS
Q3. Your organization recently implemented a unified messaging solution and VoIP phones on every desktop. You are responsible for researching the vulnerabilities of the VoIP system. Which type of attack are VoIP phones most vulnerable to experiencing?
  •  denial-of-service
  •  brute force attacks
  •  malware
  •  buffer overflow
Q4. Which security control cannot produce an active response to a security event?
  •  cloud access security broker (CASB)
  •  intrusion prevention system (IPS)
  •  intrusion detection system (IDS)
  •  next generation firewall
Explaination: An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a device or software application that monitors a network or systems for malicious activity or policy violations. Source Quizlet

Q5. Packet sniffer is also called _.
  •  SIEM
  •  UTM
  •  protocol analyzer
  •  data sink
Q6. Which option tests code while it is in operation?
  •  code review
  •  code analysis
  •  static analysis
  •  dynamic analysis
Q7. Which option describes testing that individual software developers can conduct on their own code?
  •  gray box testing
  •  integration testing
  •  white box testing
  •  unit testing
Q8. In black box penetration testing, what information is provided to the tester about the target environment?
  •  none
  •  limited details of server and network infrastructure
  •  all information
  •  limited details of server infrastructure
Q9. Which security control can best protect against shadow IT by identifying and preventing use of unsanctioned cloud apps and services?
  •  intrusion prevention system (IPS)
  •  next generation firewall
  •  cloud access security broker (CASB)
  •  intrusion detection system (IDS)
Q10. Which option describes the best defense against collusion?
  •  monitoring of normal employee system and data access patterns
  •  applying system and application updates regularly
  •  fault tolerant infrastructure and data redundancy
  •  separation of duties and job rotation
Source: Stack Exchange

Q11. During a penetration test, you find a file containing hashed passwords for the system you are attempting to breach. Which type of attack is most likely to succeed in accessing the hashed passwords in a reasonable amount of time?
  •  rainbow table attack
  •  pass-the-hash attack
  •  password spray attack
  •  brute force attack
Explanation: A rainbow table attack is a more efficient and effective way of cracking many hashed passwords, whereas brute-forcing would take much longer and may not complete in a reasonable amount of time. Source Professor Messer.

Q12. Which area is DMZ?

  •  4
  •  1
  •  2
  •  3
Q13. You configure an encrypted USB drive for a user who needs to deliver a sensitive file at an in-person meeting. What type of encryption is typically used to encrypt the file?
  •  file hash
  •  asymmetric encryption
  •  digital signature
  •  symmetric encryption
Q14. What is the difference between DRP and BCP
  •  DRP works to keep a business up and running despite a disaster. BCP works to restore the original business capabilities.
  •  BCP works to keep a business up and running despite a disaster. DRP works to restore the original business capabilities.
  •  BCP is part of DRP.
  •  DRP is part of BCP.
Q15. Which aspect of cybersecurity do Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks affect the most?
  •  non-repudiation
  •  integrity
  •  availability
  •  confidentiality
Source: screenshot of LinkedIn assessment practice mode question.

Q16. You need to recommend a solution to automatically assess your cloud-hosted VMs against CIS benchmarks to identify deviations from security best practices. What type of solution should you recommend?
  •  Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM)
  •  Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDPS)
  •  Cloud Workload Protection Platforms (CWPP)
  •  Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASBs)
Source: screenshot of LinkedIn assessment practice mode question.

Q17. _ validates the integrity of data files.
  •  Compression
  •  Hashing
  •  Symmetric encryption
  •  Stenography
Q18. Which is an example of privacy regulation at the state government level in the U.S.?
  •  CCPA
  •  GDPR
  •  NIST Privacy Framework
  •  OSPF
Q19. what is the term for the policies and technologies implemented to protect, limit, monitor, audit, and govern identities with access to sensitive data and resources?
  •  identity and access management (IAM)
  •  privileged account management (PAM)
  •  authentication and authorization
  •  least privilege
Q20. You have configured audit settings in your organization's cloud services in the event of a security incident. What type of security control is an audit trail?
  •  preventive control
  •  detective control
  •  directive control
  •  corrective control
Q21. What is the name for a short-term interruption in electrical power supply?
  •  grayout
  •  blackout
  •  brownout
  •  whiteout
Q22. Your security team recommends adding a layer of defense against emerging persistent threats and zero-day exploits for all endpoints on your network. The solution should offer protection from external threats for network-connected devices, regardless of operating system. Which solution is best suited to meet this requirement?
  •  Security Information Event Management (SIEM)
  •  Extended Detection and Response (XDR)
  •  next generation firewall (NGFW)
  •  Cloud App Security Broker (CASB)
Q23. Which is not a threat modeling methodology?
  •  TRIKE
  •  TOGAF
Q24. You organization is conducting a pilot deployment of a new e-commerce application being considered for purchase. You need to recommend a strategy to evaluate the security of the new software. Your organization does not have access to the application's source code.
Which strategy should you choose?
  •  dynamic application security testing
  •  unit testing
  •  white box testing
  •  static application security testing
Q25. You need to disable the camera on corporate devices to prevent screen capture and recording of sensitive documents, meetings, and conversations. Which solution would be be suited to the task?
  •  Mobile Device Management (MDM)
  •  Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
  •  Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDPS)
  •  cloud access security broker (CASB)
Q26. How many keys would be necessary to accomodate 100 users in an asymmetric cryptography system?
  •  200
  •  400
  •  100
  •  300
Explaintion: The formula for asymmetric encryption is 2n; where n is the number of communicating parties.

Q27. Two competing online retailers process credit card transactions for customers in countries on every continent. One organization is based in the United States. The other is based in the Netherlands. With which regulation must both countries comply while ensuring the security of these transactions?
  •  Federal Information Security Managment Act (FISMA)
  •  Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS)
  •  General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
  •  International Organization for Standardization and Internation Electronical Commission (ISO/IEC 27018)
Explaintion: The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is the global card industry security standard that is required of all entities that store, process, or transmit cardholder data, including financial institutions, online retailers and service providers. Source: (PCI Security Overview).

Q28. What provides a common language for describing security incidents in a structures and repeatable manner?
  •  Common event format
  •  common weakness enumeration
  •  common vulnerabilties and exposures
  •  common vulnerability scoring system
Explaination: The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) system provides a reference-method for publicly known information-security vulnerabilities and exposures.

Q29. Which type of application can intercept sensative information such as passwoprds on a network segment?
  •  log server
  •  network scanner
  •  firewall
  •  protocol analyzer
Explaination: A protocol analyzer is a tool used to capture and analyze signals and data traffic over a communication channel. WireShark is a protocol analyzer.

Q30. An attacker has discovered that they can deduce a sensitive piece of confidential information by analyzing multiple pieces of less sensative public data.
  •  aggregation
  •  inference
  •  SQL injection
  •  cross-origin resouce sharing
Explaination: An Inference Attack is a data mining technique performed by analyzing data in order to illegitimately gain knowledge about a subject or database. A subject's sensitive information can be considered as leaked if an adversary can infer its real value with a high confidence. Source: (Wikipedia).

Q31. What act grants an authenticated party permission to perform an action or access a resource?
  •  Zero Trust Security
  •  Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
  •  authorization
  •  Single Sign-On

Q32. According to GDPR, a data _ is the person about whom data is being collected.
  •  processor
  •  object
  •  subject
  •  controller
Source Intersoft Consulting

Q33. Which is not a principle of zero trust security?
  •  use least privilege access
  •  verify explicitly
  •  trust but verify
  •  assume breach
Explaination: zero trust assumes that the system will be breached and designs security as if there is no perimeter. Hence, don’t trust anything by default. Source NIST

Q34. Which attack exploits input validation vulnerabilities?
  •  ARP spoofing
  •  pharming attacks
  •  cross-site scripting (XSS)
  •  DNS poisoning
Source White Hat Sec

Q35. You are a security analyst, and you receive a text message alerting you of a possible attack. Which security control is the least likely to produce this type of alert?
  •  IDS
  •  SIEM
  •  packet sniffer
  •  IPS
Q35. SQL injection inserts a code fragment that makes a database statement universally true, like _.
  •  SELECT * FROM users WHERE username = " AND 1=1--'
  •  SELECT * FROM users WHERE username = " AND 1!=1--'
  •  SELECT * FROM users WHERE username = " OR 1=1--'
  •  SELECT * FROM users WHERE username = " OR 1!=1--'
Q37. Which type of security assessment requires access to source code?
  •  static analysis
  •  black box testing
  •  dynamic analysis
  •  penetration testing
Q38. Which option is an open-source solution to scanning a network for active hosts and open ports?
  •  Autopsy
  •  Snort
  •  Nmap
  •  Wireshark
nmap is a port scanner wireshark is a traffic analyzer snort is an IDS autopsy is for forensic analysis

Q39. When implementing a data loss prevention (DLP) strategy, what is the first step in the process?
  •  Evaluate the features of available DLP products to determine which best meet your organizations's needs.
  •  Examine the flow of sensitive data in your organization to better understand usage patterns.
  •  Conduct an inventory of all the data in your organization to establish classifications based on sensitivity.
  •  Conduct a risk assessment to determine the best data labeling strategy for your organization.
Q40. Which malware changes an operating system and conceals its tracks?
  •  virus
  •  worm
  •  rootkit
  •  Trojan horse
Q41. Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) use _ to create a secure connection between two networks.
  •  encryption
  •  a metropolitan area network
  •  a virtual local area network
  •  a wide area network
Q42. What is the process of challenging a user to prove their identity?
  •  authentication
  •  Single Sign-On
  •  authorization
  •  Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
Q43. Which cyberattack aims to exhaust an application's resources, making the application unavailable to legitimate users?
  •  SQL injection
  •  dictionary attack
  •  Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
  •  rainbow table attack
Q44. You are a recent cybersecurity hire, and your first assignment is to present on the possible threats to your organization. Which of the following best describes the task?
  •  risk mitigation
  •  threat assessment
  •  risk management
  •  enumeration
Q45. You are at a coffee shop and connect to a public wireless access point (WAP). What a type of cybersecurity attack are you most likely to experience?
  •  man-in-the-middle attack
  •  back door
  •  logic bomb
  •  virus
Q46. You have been tasked with recommending a solution to centrally manage mobile devices used throughout your organization. Which technology would best meet this need?
  •  Extended Detection and Responde (XDR)
  •  Security Information Event Management (SIEM)
  •  Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDPS)
  •  Mobile Device Management (MDM)
Q47. Which type of vulnerability cannot be discovered in the course of a typical vulnerability assessment?
  •  file permissions
  •  buffer overflow
  •  zero-day vulnerability
  •  cross-site scripting
Q48. The DLP project team is about to classify your organization's data. Whats is the primary purpose of classifying data?
  •  It identifies regulatory compliance requirements.
  •  It prioritizes IT budget expenditures.
  •  It quantifies the potential cost of a data breach.
  •  It establishes the value of data to the organization.
Q49. You are responsible for managing security of your organization's public cloud infrastructure. You need to implement security to protect the data and applications running in a variety of IaaS and PaaS services, including a new Kubernetes cluster. What type of solution is best suited to this requirement?
  •  Cloud Workload Protection Platforms (CWPP)
  •  Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM)
  •  Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASBs)
  •  Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (IDPS)
Q50. Sharing account credentials violates the _ aspect of access control.
  •  identification
  •  authorization
  •  accounting
  •  authentication
Q51. You have recovered a server that was compromised in a malware attack to its previous state. What is the final step in the incident response process?
  •  Eradication / Remediation
  •  Certification
  •  Reporting
  •  Lessons Learned
Q52. Which type of security assessment requires access to source code?
  •  dynamic analysis
  •  static analysis
  •  penetration testing
  •  black box testing
Q53. Which encryption type uses a public and private key pair for encrypting and decrypting data?
  •  asymmetric
  •  symmetric
  •  hashing
  •  all of these answers
Q54. You have just identified and mitigated an active malware attack on a user's computer, in which command and control was established. What is the next step in the process?
  •  Reporting
  •  Recovery
  •  Eradiction / Remediation
  •  Lessons Learned
Q55. Which programming language is most susceptible to buffer overflow attacks?
  •  C
  •  Java
  •  Ruby
  •  Python
Q56. Which list correctly describes risk management techniques?
  •  risk acceptance, risk mitigation, risk containment, and risk qualification
  •  risk avoidance, risk transference, risk containment, and risk quantification
  •  risk avoidance, risk mitigation, risk containment, and risk acceptance
  •  risk avoidance, risk transference, risk mitigation, and risk acceptance
Q57. To implement encryption in transit, such as with the HTTPS protocol for secure web browsing, which type(s) of encryption is/are used?
  •  asymmetric
  •  both symmetric and asymmetric
  •  neither symmetric or asymmetric
  •  symmetric
Q58. Which type of program uses Windows Hooks to capture keystrokes typed by the user, hides in the process list, and can compromise their system as well as their online access codes and password?
  •  trojan
  •  keystroke collector
  •  typethief
  •  keylogger
Q59. How does randsomware affect a victim's files?
  •  by destroying them
  •  by encrypting them
  •  by stealing them
  •  by selling them
Q60. Your computer has been infected, and is sending out traffic to a targeted system upon receiving a command from a botmaster. What condition is your computer currently in?
  •  It has become a money mule.
  •  It has become a zombie.
  •  It has become a bastion host.
  •  It has become a botnet.
Q61. You choose a cybersecurity framework for your financial organization that implements an effective and auditable set of governance and management processes for IT. Which framework are you choosing?
  •  C2M2
  •  NIST SP 800-37
  •  ISO/IEC 27001
  •  COBIT
Q62. NIST issued a revision to SP 800-37 in December 2018. It provides a disciplined, structured, and flexible process for managing security and privacy risk. Which type of document is SP 800-37??
  •  a risk management framework
  •  a guide to risk assessments
  •  a guideline for vulnerability testing
  •  a step-by-step guide for performing business impact analyses
Q63. The most notorious military-grade advanced persistent threat was deployed in 2010, and targeted centrifuges in Iran. What was this APT call?
  •  duqu
  •  agent BTZ
  •  stuxnet
  •  flame
Q64. Where would you record risks that have been identified and their details, such as their ID and name, classification of information, and the risk owner?
  •  in the risk assessment documentation
  •  in the risk register
  •  in the business impact ledger
  •  in the Orange Book
Q65. To prevent an incident from overwhelming resources, _ is necessary.
  •  disconnection from the network
  •  early containment
  •  continuation of monitoring for other incidents
  •  eradication of the issues
Q66. FUD is expensive and often causes high drama over low risk. Which computer chip exploits were reported by CNN as needing to be completely replaced, but were later fixed with firmware updates?
  •  fire and ice exploits
  •  meltdown and spectre exploits
  •  Intel and STMicro CPU exploits
  •  super microboard and Apple iPhone exploits
Q67. The ASD Top Four are application whitelisting, patching of applications, patching of operating systems, and limiting administrative privileges. What percent of breaches do these account for?
  •  40 percent
  •  60 percent
  •  85 percent
  •  100 percent
Q68. You are working in the security operations center analyzing traffic on your network. You detect what you believe to be a port scan. What does this mean?
  •  This could be a specific program being run by your accounting department.
  •  This is an in-progress attack and should be reported immediately
  •  This is normal operation for your business.
  •  This could be a precursor to an attack.
Q69. How often is the ISF Standard of Good Practice updated?
  •  annual
  •  biannually
  •  bimonthly
  •  monthly
Q70. Your incident response team is unable to contain an incident because they lack authority to take action without management approval. Which critical step in the preparation phase did your team skip?
  •  From an incident response committee to oversee any incidents that may occur.
  •  Get preauthorized to take unilateral action and make or direct emergency changes.
  •  Bring management in as leadership on the incident response team.
  •  Assign a head of the emergency response team who has the correct authority
Q71. NIST SP 800-53 is one of two important control frameworks used in cybersecurity. What is the other one?
  •  ISO 27001
  •  NIST SP 800-54
  •  ISO 27002
  •  NIST SP 751-51
Q72. Which organization, established by NIST in 1990, runs workshops to foster coordination in incident prevention, stimulate rapid reaction to incidents, and allow experts to share information?
  •  Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams
  •  Crest UK Response Teams
  •  Community of Computer Incident Response Teams
  •  NIST Special Publication 800-61 Response Teams
Q73. You have implemented controls to mitigate the threats, vulnerabilities, and impact to your business. Which type of risk is left over?
  •  inherent risk
  •  residual risk
  •  applied risk
  •  leftover risk
Q74. There are four possible treatments once an assessment has identified a risk. Which risk treatment implements controls to reduce risk?
  •  risk mitigation
  •  risk acceptance
  •  risk avoidance
  •  risk transfer
Q75. Which security control scheme do vendors often submit their products to for evaluation, to provide an independent view of product assurance?
  •  common criteria
  •  risk management certification board
  •  OWASP security evaluation
  •  ISO 27000
Q76. Which organization has published the most comprehensive set of controls in its security guideline for the Internet of Things?
  •  IoT ISACA
  •  IoT Security Foundation
  •  OWASP
  •  GSMA
Q77. Which main reference coupled with the Cloud Security Alliance Guidance comprise the Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing?
  •  ISO 27001
  •  ISO 27017
  •  cloud security guidelines
  •  cloud controls matrix
Q78. What are the essential characteristics of the reference monitor?
  •  It is versatile, accurate, and operates at a very high speed.
  •  It is tamper-proof, can always be invoked, and must be small enough to test.
  •  It is restricted, confidential, and top secret
Q79. According to NIST, what is the first action required to take advantage of the cybersecurity framework?
  •  Identify the key business outcomes.
  •  Understand the threats and vulnerabilities.
  •  Conduct a risk assessment.
  •  Analyze and prioritize gaps to create the action plan.
Q80. You are implementing a cybersecurity program in your organization and want to use the "de facto standard" cybersecurity framework. Which option would you choose?
  •  the ISACA Cypersecurity Framework
  •  the COBIT Cypersecurity Framework
  •  the ISC2 Cypersecurity Framework
  •  the NIST Cypersecurity Framework
Q81. In 2014, 4,278 IP addresses of zombie computers were used to flood a business with over one million packets per minute for about one hour. What is this type of attack called?
  •  a salami attack
  •  a DoS (Denial of Service) attack
  •  a DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack
  •  a botnet attack
Q82. The regulatory requirements for notifications of data breaches, particularly the European General Data Protection Regulations, have had what sort of effect on business?
  •  an increased business liability in the event of a data breach
  •  an increased consumer liability in the event of a data breach
  •  a decreased consumer liability in the event of a data breach
  •  a decreased business liability in the event of a data breach

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