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Rust Programming Language Skill Assessment Answers are provided in this article in order to help students in learning new skills and if you are stuck in any particular question, you can seek answers here.

                                                  Rust Programming Language Skill Assessment Answers - LinkedIn Quiz!

              LinkedIn Rust Programming Language Skill Assessment Quiz Answers!

Q1. Which type cast preserves the mathematical value in all cases?

  •  i64 as i32
  •  usize as u64
  •  i32 as i64
  •  f64 as f32

Q2. What do the vertical bars represent here?

str::thread::spawn(|| {
    println!("LinkedIn");
});
  •  a closure
  •  a thread
  •  a future
  •  a block

reference

Q3. Which choice is not a scalar data type?

  •  integer
  •  float
  •  boolean
  •  tuple

Q4. _ cannot be destructured.

  •  Traits
  •  Tuples
  •  Enums
  •  Structs

reference

Q5. Which cargo command checks a program for error without creating a binary executable?

  •  cargo --version
  •  cargo init
  •  cargo build
  •  cargo check

Q6. The term box and related phrases such as boxing a value are often used when relating to memory layout. What does box refer to?

  •  It's creating a pointer on the heap that points to a value on the stack.
  •  It's creating a pointer on the stack that points to a value on the heap.
  •  It's creating a memory guard around values to prevent illegal access.
  •  It's an abstraction that refers to ownership. "Boxed" values are clearly labelled.

Q7. What is an alternative way of writing slice that produces the same result?

...
let s = String::form("hello");
let slice = &s[0..2];
  •  let slice = &s[len + 2];
  •  let slice = &s[len - 2];
  •  let slice = &s.copy(0..2);
  •  let slice = &s[..2];

Q8. Using the ? operator at the end of an expression is equivalent to _.

  •  a match pattern that branches into True or False
  •  calling ok_error()
  •  calling panic!()
  •  a match pattern that may result an early return

Q9. Which is valid syntax for defining an array of i32 values?

  •  Array::with_capacity(10)
  •  [i32]
  •  Array::new(10)
  •  [i32; 10]

Q10. What syntax is required to take a mutable reference to T, when used within a function argument?

fn increment(i: T) {
    // body elided
}
  •  *mut T
  •  mut ref T
  •  mut &T
  •  &mut T

Q11. The smart pointers Rc and Arc provide reference counting. What is the API for incrementing a reference count?

  •  .add()
  •  .incr()
  •  .clone()
  •  .increment()

reference

Q12. What happens when an error occurs that is being handled by the question mark (?) operator?

  •  The error is reported and execution continues.
  •  An exception is raised. The effect(s) of the exception are defined by the error! macro.
  •  The program panics immediately.
  •  Rust attempts to convert the error to the local function's error type and return it as Result::Err. If that fails, the program panics.

Q13. Which comment syntax is not legal?

  •  /*
  •  #
  •  //!
  •  //

Q14. In matching patterns, values are ignored with _.

  •  .ignore()
  •  an underscore (_)
  •  .. [answer]
  •  skip

Q15. Defining a _ requires a lifetime parameter.

  •  function that ends the lifetime of one of its arguments
  •  struct that contains a reference to a value
  •  function with a generic argument
  •  struct that contains a reference to a boxed value

Rust book reference

Q16. Which example correctly uses std::collections::HashMap's Entry API to populate counts?

use std::collections::HashMap;
fn main() {
    let mut counts = HashMap::new();
    let text = "LinkedIn Learning";
    for c in text.chars() {
        // Complete this block
    }
    println!("{:?}", counts);
}
  • [ ]
for c in text.chars() {
    if let Some(count) = &mut counts.get(&c) {
        counts.insert(c, *count + 1);
    } else {
        counts.insert(c, 1);
    };
}
  • [x]
for c in text.chars() {
    let count = counts.entry(c).or_insert(0);
    *count += 1;
}
  • [ ]
for c in text.chars() {
    let count = counts.entry(c);
    *count += 1;
}
  • [ ]
for c in text.chars() {
    counts.entry(c).or_insert(0).map(|x| x + 1);
}

reference

Q17. Which fragment does not incur memory allocations while writing to a "file" (represented by a Vec)?

use std::collections::HashMap;

fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
    let mut v = Vec::<u8>::new();

    let a = "LinkedIn";
    let b = 123;
    let c = '🧀';

    // replace this line

    println!("{:?}", v);

    Ok(())
}
  • [x]
write!(&mut v, "{}{}{}", a, b, c)?;
  • [ ]
v.write(a)?;
v.write(b)?;
v.write(c)?;
  • [ ]
v.write(a, b, c)?;
  • [ ]
v.write_all(a.as_bytes())?;
v.write_all(&b.to_string().as_bytes())?;
c.encode_utf8(&mut v);
  1. Answered in rust user forum
  2. reference

Q18. Does the main function compile? If so, why? If not, what do you need to change?

fn main() {
    let Some(x) = some_option_value;
}
  •  The code does not compile. let statements require a refutable pattern. Add if before let.
  •  The code compiles. let statements sometimes require a refutable pattern.
  •  The code does not compile. let statements requires an irrefutable pattern. Add if before let.
  •  The code compiles. let do not require a refutable pattern.

Q19. Which statement about lifetimes is false?

  •  Lifetimes were redundantly specified in previous version of Rust.
  •  Lifetimes are specified when a struct is holding a reference to a value.
  •  Lifetimes are specified when certain values must outlive others.
  •  Lifetimes are always inferred by the compiler.

Q20. When used as a return type, which Rust type plays a similar role to Python's None, JavaScript's null, or the void type in C/C++?

  •  !
  •  None
  •  Null
  •  ()

Q21. To convert a Result to an Option, which method should you use?

  •  .as_option()
  •  .ok()
  •  .to_option()
  •  .into()

Q22. Which statement about the Clone and Copy traits is false?

  •  Copy is enabled for primitive, built-in types.
  •  Without Copy, Rust applies move semantics to a type's access.
  •  When using Clone, copying data is explicit.
  •  Until a type implements either Copy or Clone, its internal data cannot be copied.

ref from stack overflow

Q23. Why does this code not compile?

fn returns_closure() -> dyn Fn(i32) -> i32 {
    |x| x + 1
}
  •  The returned fn pointer and value need to be represented by another trait.
  •  Closures are types, so they cannot be returned directly from a function.
  •  Closures are types and can be returned only if the concrete trait is implemented.
  •  Closures are represented by traits, so they cannot be a return type.

Rust book reference

Q24. What smart pointer is used to allow multiple ownership of a value in various threads?

  •  Arc<T>
  •  Box<T>
  •  Both Arc<T> and Rc<T> are multithread safe.
  •  Rc<T>

Rust book reference

Q25. Which types are not allowed within an enum variant's body?

  •  zero-sized types
  •  structs
  •  trait objects
  •  floating-point numbers

Reference

Q26. Which statement about this code is true?

fn main() {
    let c = 'z';
    let heart_eyed_cat = '😻';
}
  •  Both are character literals.
  •  heart_eyed_cat is an invalid expression.
  •  c is a string literal and heart_eyed_cat is a character literal.
  •  Both are string literals.

Reference

Q27. Your application requires a single copy of some data type T to be held in memory that can be accessed by multiple threads. What is the thread-safe wrapper type?

  •  Mutex<Arc<T>>
  •  Rc<Mutex<T>>
  •  Arc<Mutex<T>>
  •  Mutex<Rc<T>>

Rust book reference

Q28. Which idiom can be used to concatenate the strings abc?

let a = "a".to_string();
let b = "b".to_string();
let c = "c".to_string();
  •  String::from(a,b,c)
  •  format!("{}{}{}", a, b, c)
  •  concat(a,b,c)
  •  a + b + c

Q29. In this function. what level of access is provided to the variable a?

use std::fmt::Debug;

fn report<T:Debug>(a: &T) {
    eprintln!("info: {:?}", a);
}
  •  print
  •  read-only
  •  read/write
  •  debug

Q30. Which choice is not valid loop syntax?

  •  loop
  •  for
  •  while
  •  do

Q31. How do you construct a value of Status that is initialized to Waiting?

enum Status {
    Waiting,
    Busy,
    Error(String),
}
  •  let s = Enum::new(Status::Waiting);
  •  let s = new Status::Waiting;
  •  let s = Status::Waiting;
  •  let s = Status::new(Waiting);

Q32. Which statement about enums is false?

  •  Enums are useful in matching patterns.
  •  Option is an enum type.
  •  Enum variants can have different types with associated data.
  •  the term enum is short for enummap

Q33. What does an underscore (_) indicate when used as pattern?

  •  It matches everything.
  •  It matches underscores.
  •  It matches any value that has a length of 1.
  •  It matches nothing.

Q34. What is a safe operation on a std::cell:UnsafeCell<T>?

  •  A &mut T reference is allowed. However it may not cpexists with any other references. and may be created only in single-threaded code.
  •  UnsafeCell<T> provides thread-safety. Therefore, creating &T references from multiple threads is safe.
  •  The only safe operation is the .get() method, which returns only a raw pointer.
  •  Non. UnsafeCell<T> only allows code that would otherwise need unsafe blocks to be written in safe code.

Reference

Q35. Generics are useful when you _.

  •  need to reduce code duplication by concretizing values and restricting parameters in functions
  •  need to reduce code duplication by abstracting values further, such as in function parameters
  •  need a supertrait
  •  are not sure if you need a specific kind of trait

Q36. How do you create a Rust project on the command-line?

  •  cargo new
  •  rustup init
  •  cargo start
  •  rust new-project

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